Rarely does a teenager avoid a problem like teenage acne or blackheads. Most teenagers know firsthand the clogged pores and painful pimples that litter their back, chest, neck, and face.
So Why Does Acne Appear During Adolescence?
When you reach puberty, the body increases the production of sex hormones – androgens. Their excess leads to increased sebum activity, and they begin to produce sebum in larger quantities than normal. This in turn serves as a favorable environment for the growth and development of bacteria called Cutibacterium acnes.
The clogged pore becomes infected and inflamed. This is how pustules appear. If the inflammation spreads deep into the tissues, cysts form. They create painful subcutaneous conglomerates.
There are also external provoking factors. This is the use of cosmetic products that are not suitable for the type of skin, too thick and heavy. Synthetic clothing that rubs on the skin can also make things worse.
Not the least role is played by nutrition. If the teenager is a fan of carbohydrates and refined fats, it leads to insulin resistance. Poor gastrointestinal function is fraught with the accumulation of breakdown products – phenol, ammonia, amines. As a result, skin immunity decreases and pathogenic flora feels great.
Activates the sebaceous glands and stress hormone – cortisol, so often outbreaks of acne associated with the beginning and end of the school year. Nighttime awakenings of teenagers lead to disruption of melatonin synthesis, which stimulates estrogens, which is also associated with increased sebum formation.
What to Do
After stabilization of the hormonal background, by the age of twenty-five, juvenile acne usually goes away, but not everyone. There are inflammations that require a competent therapy. Only a specialist can determine how serious the inflammatory process is.
With problem skin usually work dermatovenerologist and cosmetologist. If necessary the consultation with a gynecologist and endocrinologist is prescribed.
During the visit the doctor determines the patient’s skin type, stage of disease and discovers the cause of inflammation. Therapy of the mild form of juvenile acne can do without cosmetic manipulations.
The first step to solving the problem is to find out the cause of the condition. In the severe form of acne, the dermatologist prescribes oral retinoids. They reduce the greasiness of the skin. External retinoids are used in peels once every 14 days. For the comedonic form of acne, ultrasonic cleansing and salicylic peels, which slightly traumatize the skin, are excellent. Laser resurfacing is appropriate for post-acne: scars and blemishes.
Non-comedogenic moisturizing products enriched with glycosaminoglycans, triglycerides and lipids should be used in parallel with the basic therapy. The skin care system and the use of the best acne cleanser for teenagers is selected by the attending physician individually, based on the thickness of the skin, the degree of acne, age and concomitant diseases of the patient.
The diet for juvenile acne is focused on reducing sugars, fats and increasing the amount of fiber. It is recommended to exclude from the diet: fast food, carbonated drinks, hot spices and sauces, strong tea and coffee.
What Not to Do?
You should not ignore the problem and wait for it to “go away by itself”. Untreated breakouts can leave scars on the skin and hyperpigmentation – bluish spots.
Do not wipe your face with alcohol-based cleansers. Alcohol dries the skin too much, and as a result, more sebum is secreted.
Do not rely on folk remedies, such as chamomile broth and masks of activated charcoal. Self-treatment leads only to a worsening of the condition.
Do not touch the face with your hands, so as not to infest the skin with even more bacteria.
Do not use exfoliating brushes and scrubs. They create micro-traumas on the skin, which can easily get infected.